Mineral Salts: What Your Goats Might Be Getting, But Maybe Not
Goats need heavy amounts of copper to survive, but copper is toxic to sheep. We had some San Clementes die due to no copper intake. The owner gave them mineral salts, the new vet saw that the goats were given mineral salts, and no one was the wiser until a necropsy was done. But when a few San Clementes die, we are immediately faced with losing an entire bloodline.
How do we fix the problem?
When any new breeder is listed, they will now get a Welcome Packet from the San Clemente Island Goat Association with standard goat survival advice. If there are any tips that our breeders would like to add, please let us know, and we'll include them with your name. It would also be nice if breeders would add a line to specify any areas in which they could give advice in their strong areas. Kidding difficulties, worm difficulties, nutrition difficulties, climate, altitude, etc. Whatever it takes to help a new breeder keep their goats healthy.
Not only that, but all breeders should make a couple of follow-up calls. We all know what it's like to finally get our San Clementes home, and the thrill and effort is overwhelming. It's almost impossible for a new breeder to remember everything you said the first time. . .
On to mineral salts.
Knowing that these could make-or-break a herd, please forward your labels to us.
So far we have a few.
I always used Ultralyx. Made for goats. Nice calcium:phosphorous ratio (for urinary tract) but then I realized that maybe there were better salts on the market.
Here's the Ultralyx. . .
- Calcium, Min 14.5%
- Calcium, Max 17.4%
- Phosphorus, Min 8.0%
- Magnesium, Min 2.0%
- Copper, Min 1,500 ppm
- Copper, Max 1,700 ppm
- Salt, Min 15.0%
- Salt, Max 17.0%
- Selenium, Min 50 ppm
- Zinc, Min 4,000 ppm
- Vitamin A, Min 300,000 IU/lb
- Vitamin D-3, Min 75,000 IU/lb
- Vitamin E, Min 400 IU/lb
- Manganese, Min 4,000 ppm
Yvonne, who has a few hundred head of Montana pasture goats, uses Super Ranger Kaydets cattle mineral, which reads as follows:
- Calcium, Min 12%
- Calcium, Max 15%
- Phosphorus, Min 12% (is that a UTI waiting to happen? could someone help with the research here?)
- Salt, Min 15.0%
- Salt, Max 18.0%
- Magnesium, Min .10% (big drop in Magnesium from Ultralyx. We in Virginia have to add lime to soil, Montana is lucky if they retain any soil).
- Cobalt min 60 ppm (do goats need cobalt? There's none in Ultralyx)
- Copper, Min 5,000 ppm (compare to Ultralyx 1,500 ppm)
- Selenium, Min 28 ppm (breeder map will show you how your local feed might contribute (or not) to that one).
- Zinc, Min 8,000 ppm (Seen a couple of SCI crosses with zinc deficiencies. Like mange without the itching).
- Vitamin A, Min 350,000 IU/lb
- Vitamin D-3, Min 30,000 IU/lb (far less than Ultralyx)
- Vitamin E, Min 350 IU/lb
- Manganese, Min 4,000 ppm (Ultralyx doesn't have it)
Craig, who raises SCI goats in dry, warm southern Texas, uses another brand completely: Sweetlix, containing the following:
- Calcium (Min) 14.00
- Calcium (Max) 16.80%
- Phosphorus (Min) 8.00% (this shows the proper 2:1 Phosphrous/calcium ratio)
- Salt (Min) 10.00%
- Salt (Max) 12.00% (not very salty compared with the rest)
- Magnesium (Min) 1.50%
- Potassium (Min) 1.50% (Others don't have this. Would throwing in a few potatoes help?
- Sulfur (Min) 1.50% (new one on us)
- Iron (Min) 1.25% (another new one)
- Manganese (Min) 1.25% (let's learn to compare ppm with percentages)
- Zinc (Min) 1.25% (again, ppm vs. percentages)
- Cobalt (Min) 240 ppm (do goats need this or not?)
- Copper (Min) 1,750 ppm
- Copper (Max) 1,810 ppm
- Iodine (Min) 450 ppm (another maverick)
- Selenium (Min) 50 ppm (Same as Ultralyx in the northeast, twice that of Montana's cattle mineral)
- Vitamin A (Min) 300,000 IU/lb.
- Vitamin D-3 (Min) 50,000 IU/lb. (Almost twice the Montana amount, but less than Virginia)
- Vitamin E (Min) 400 IU/lb.
We would greatly appreciate a few more mineral salts labels.
We also need some interested breeders to get into a bit of nutrition info and fill in a few gaps.
We are still hoping for SCIsland soil samples to fill in some informational gaps, but by the time we get those our goats will probably be bred into their new habitats!
The bottom line is that we hope that breeders will educate their buyers, and/or help us educate new breeders on the basics.
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